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Relation Between Yarn Count and Diameter & count calculation for ply yarn

Normally, when two single yarns are twisted together one should expect some contraction or some increase in length depending on the twisting direction. A contraction will result in a yarn slightly coarser than the estimated value. In order to correct for this difference, typically 5% to 10% contraction or extension should be accounted for.

Types of Calenders in Textiles