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Fabric Engineering 5 | Textile Study Center
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Fabric Engineering

Zig-zag and Herringbone Twill Weave

Zigzag twill are those in which the direction of twill is frequently reversed at suitable intervals either across the width or along the length. Herringbone twill are those in which the direction of twill is frequently reversed at suitable intervals either across the width or along the length but not as zig-zag twill and weft yarns floating condition is reversed of the previous yarn.

Types of Calenders in Textiles

Woven fabric Structure

The order of interlacement of warp and weft threads at right angles is known as structure of woven fabrics. The interlooping system of yarns is known as structure for knit fabrics. Classification of woven fabric structure: Simple structure and Compound Structure.Methods of fabric representation:❶Warp overlap in which warp is above weft and ❷Weft overlap in which weft is above warp

Types of Calenders in Textiles

Relation Between Yarn Count and Diameter & count calculation for ply yarn

Normally, when two single yarns are twisted together one should expect some contraction or some increase in length depending on the twisting direction. A contraction will result in a yarn slightly coarser than the estimated value. In order to correct for this difference, typically 5% to 10% contraction or extension should be accounted for.

Types of Calenders in Textiles

Derivatives of Plain Weave

There are two types of derivatives : Rib and Matt. In rib weave, it produces rib or cord effect in warp/weft direction. Used as grosgrain cloth, mattress cloth,hair cords, blankets etc. Matt is constructed by extending the plain weave both vertically and horizontally. Matt weave finds extensive uses for a great variety of fabrics such as dress materials, shirtings, sail cloth, duck cloth etc.

Types of Calenders in Textiles