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Plain Weave Definition and Plain Weave Classification

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Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Co-founder , Admin & Author at Textile Study Center
Student of Bangladesh University of Textiles (BUTEX) Department: Apparel Engineering
Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj
Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj
Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Latest posts by Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj (see all)

Plain Weave Definition and Plain Weave Classification :

Plain Weave Definition :

Plain weave :

A weave in which there are 2 ends and 2 picks in a repeat is called a plain weave. It is the simplest of all weaves and variously known as “calico” or “tabby” weave.

plain weave info

Features of plain weave

 It has the maximum number of binding points.

 It has the smallest repeat 2 x 2.

 Both sides of the weave are identical.

 The threads interlace on alternate order of 1 up and 1 down.

 Each thread gives maximum amount of support to the adjacent threads.

 Texture is stronger and firmer than any other ordinary cloth.

 Made from all kind of textile raw materials and yarns.

 Minimum 2 heald frames are required to form the weave. 

plain weave construction


End uses

Plain weave finds extensive uses. It is used in cambric, muslin, blanket, canvas, dhothi, saree, shirting, suiting, etc.

Classification of plain weave

According to warp and weft cover factors

 Approximately square cloth

 E.P.I=P.P.I

 Warp count=Weft count

 Warp cover factor=Weft cover factor

 Warp crimp(%)=Weft crimp(%)

 The warp and weft are equally prominent.

           b1

 Warp faced cloth

 E.P.I>P.P.I

 Warp count>Weft count

 Warp cover factor>Weft cover factor

 Warp crimp (%)>Weft crimp (%)

 The warp prominent on both side.

                         b2



 Weft faced cloth

  E.P.I<p.p.i< span=””></p.p.i<>

 Warp count

 Warp cover factor

 Warp crimp (%)

 The weft prominent on both side.

      b3

Another method of classification

Balanced cloth

 E.P.I=P.P.I

 Warp count=Weft count

 Warp crimp (%)=Weft crimp (%)

 The warp and weft are equally prominent.

      b4



 Unbalanced cloth

 E.P.I=P.P.I, but warp count≠weft count 

      b5

 E.P.I≠P.P.I, but Warp count=Weft count 

       b6

 E.P.I≠P.P.I, but Warp count≠Weft count

       b7 


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Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Co-founder , Admin & Author at Textile Study Center
Student of Bangladesh University of Textiles (BUTEX) Department: Apparel Engineering
Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj
Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj
Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Latest posts by Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj (see all)

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