Types Of Warp Knitting Machines Warp Knitting : Warp knitting is defined as a loop forming process in which yarn is fed into knitting zone , parallel to fabric selvedge . In warp knitting , fabric is made by forming loops from yarns coming in parallel sheet form run in the direction of fabric […]
Fundamentals Of Warp Knitting Warp Knitting : Warp knitting is defined as a loop forming process in which yarn is fed into knitting zone , parallel to fabric selvedge . In warp knitting , fabric is made by forming loops from yarns coming in parallel sheet form run in the direction of fabric formation . […]
Flat Knitting Technology INTRODUCTION : The fabric which is produced by the machine is usually weft knitted fabric. Flat fabric will be produced. In the flat knitting machine needles are kept stationary and the cam will move along the width of the machine ( vice versa to circular knitting machine). It was first invented […]
Knitting Knitting is the second most popular technique of fabric or garment formation by inter-looping one or one set of yarns. Continuous length of yarn is converted into vertically intermeshed loops either by hand or by machine. The most important parameter of a knitted fabric is loop length which can be varied during knitting by changing machine […]
When the needle is raised sufficiently high by the camming action to obtain the yarn in the hooked portion of the needle and the old loop is below the latch [i.e, the old loop is cleared], a knit stitch will be formed as the needle descends.
A float stitch or welt stitch is composed of a held loop, one or more float loops and knitted loops.It is produced when a needle (M) holding its old loop fails to receive the new yarn that passes, as a float loop to the back of the needle. The float stitch shows the missed yarn floating freely on the reverse side of the held loop.
A tuck stitch is composed of a held loop, one or more tuck loops and knitted loops. It is produced when a needle holding its loop (T) also receives the new loop, which becomes a tuck loop because it is not intermeshed through the old loop. The tuck loop thus assumes an inverted V or U-shaped configuration. The head of the tuck is visible on the reverse of the stitch.The side limbs of tuck loops thus tend to show through onto the face between adjacent wales. Tuck stitch structures show a faint diagonal line effect on their surface. In analysis, a tuck stitch is identified by the fact that its head is released as a hump shape immediately the needle loop above it is withdrawn. A knitted loop would be required to be separately withdrawn
The sinker is the second primary knitting element (the needle being the first).It is a thin metal plate with an individual or a collective action operating approximately at right angles from the hook side of the needle bed, between adjacent needles.
Primary knitting elements:Three primary knitting elements:
Needle: Latch needle, Spring bearded needle & Compound needle.
Cam: Knit cam, Tuck Cam, Missed cam
Sinker: Holding down sinker, Knocking over and loop forming sinker
Main parts and their functions of latch needle
The hook: Grasping a new yarn in the process of knitting i.e. the hook which draws and retain the new loop.
The latch: Freely rotating around the axle and tightly closing the hook owing to the spoon located at the end of the latch.