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Derivatives of Plain Weave
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Derivatives of Plain Weave

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Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Co-founder , Admin & Author at Textile Study Center
Student of Bangladesh University of Textiles (BUTex)/ Department: Apparel Engineering
Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj
Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Derivatives of Plain Weave

Derivatives of Plain Weave

 

Features of Warp Rib 

 It produces rib or cord effect in weft direction.

 Extending plain weave vertically.

 Finer yarn used as warp and coarser as weft yarn.

 The number of ends/inch are more than the number of picks/inch.

 Low twisted yarn is used as weft.

 Warp yarns are used as a single yarn and weft yarns are used as group or bundle yarns.

 Regular warp rib: 

 Formula number: X/X  [ X=Number of warp up in  repeat]

 Regular appearance is shown in the fabric.

 Used as grosgrain cloth, mattress cloth etc.

Regular warp rib


 Irregular warp rib:

 Formula number:  X/  Y  [ X=Number of warp up in  repeat and Y=Number of weft up in  repeat ]

 Irregular appearance is shown in the fabric.

 Used as grosgrain cloth, mattress cloth etc.

Irregular warp rib

 

Features of weft rib

 It produces rib or cord effect in warp direction.

 Extending plain weave horizontally.

 Finer yarn used as weft and coarser as warp yarn.

 The number of picks/inch are more than the number of ends/inch.

 Low twisted yarn is used as warp.

 Weft yarns are used as a single yarn and warp yarns are used as group or bundle yarns.

 Used as hair cords, blankets etc.

 Regular weft rib:

 Formula number:  1/1   (X) [ X=Number of warp up in  repeat]  

 Regular appearance is shown in the fabric.

Regular weft rib


 Irregular weft rib:

 Formula number: 1/1 (X+Y)

 Irregular appearance is shown in the fabric.

Irregular weft rib

Features of Matt /Hopsack/ Basket Weaves

 It is constructed by extending the plain weave both vertically and horizontally.

 Combination of warp and weft rib.

 Loose structure.

 The smallest matt weave is 2  /  2   (2)   (X) matt.

 Basket weave fabrics are more flexible and wrinkle resistant because there are fewer interlacing per square inch.

 It has a greater resistance to tearing.

 Matt weaves tend to give smooth-surfaced fabrics.

 Regular matt:

 Formula number: X/X    (X) [ X=Number of warp up in  repeat]

 It is produced by the combination of regular warp and weft rib weave.

Regular matt


 Irregular matt:

 Formula number: X/Y    (X+Y)  [ X=Number of warp up in  repeat and Y=Number of weft up in repeat]

 It is produced by the combination of regular warp and weft rib weave.

Irregular matt Weave

Some Irregular matt Weave



 Stitched matt:

 Formula number: X/X  (X)  [ X=Number of warp up in  repeat]

 In this weave stitch is used to avoid looseness of yarn in the fabric.

 To produce a firm cloth with lower setting, the center ends in each square can be stitched.

 In warp face, the central warp yarn goes down and in weft face, the central warp yarn comes up.

Stitched matt



 Fancy matt:

  Formula number: X/X    (X) [ X=Number of warp up in  repeat]

 In stitched matt, the stitching thread is hidden by the neighbouring threads. But in the fancy matt the stitching threads are not hidden, they are visible.

 They produce decorative appearance on the fabric surface.

Fancy matt

 

 Use of matt

Matt weave finds extensive uses for a great variety of fabrics such as dress materials, shirtings, sail cloth, duck cloth etc.


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Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

Co-founder , Admin & Author at Textile Study Center
Student of Bangladesh University of Textiles (BUTex)/ Department: Apparel Engineering
Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj
Md Sohanur Rahman Sobuj

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