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Textile Physics-1

Thermal Properties of Polymers

Thermal Properties of Polymers :  Thermal property: The property which is shown by a textile fiber when it is subjected to heating is called thermal property. Thermal property is included:  Thermal conductivity Melting transition temperature Glass transition temperature Heat setting Thermal expansion Heat of wetting or heat absorption Flammability Thermal conductivity: Thermal conductivity is the […]

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Frictional Properties

Frictional Properties Friction is a vital important factor in the application of fibrous materials to engineering. Frictional property is the surface property of the fibers when two solid surfaces slide against each other. Due to fiber friction, static charge and heat energy is produced. Friction: Friction is the force of two surfaces in contact, or […]

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Torsional Properties of Textile Materials

Torsional Properties of Textile Materials Torsional Property: Fibers are twisted to form yarns, while are made into textile fabrics or ropes. The torsional properties determine how fibers respond while being twisted. Torsional Rigidity: The torsional rigidity is the resistance of a fiber to twisting. In the Hookean region of small stains, the torsional rigidity defined […]

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Flexural Properties of Textile Materials

Flexural Properties of Textile Materials The behavior which shows by textile material during bending is called flexural (bending) property. The importance of Flexural properties is required when we wear cloth. Significance of Bending and Twisting: ❶  The bending and twisting of fibers influence the behavior of bulked yarn and the drape and handle of fabrics. […]

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Optical Properties of Textile Fibers

Part 1: Optical Properties of Textile Fibers Part 2: Birefringence | Fiber Birefringence Part 3: Reflection and Luster Optical Properties of Textile Fibers Optical Properties When light falls on a fiber, it may be partly transmitted, absorbed or reflected, depending on the structure of the light. The transmission, reflection and absorption of light determine the […]

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Directional Field Effect in Wool fiber | Significance of DFE | What is DFE

DFE (Directional Field Effect) in wool fiber What is DFE ? We all know that, textile fibers have to undergo various processes before they become a part of the fabric. While undergoing these processes, the fibers are subjected to friction. This frictional force can not only be effective between the fibres & various parts of […]

Chenille Fibre | Advantages & Disadvantages of Chenille Fibres