The most frequent length in a fibrous sample is called staple length. Staple length is one of the most important factors of cotton quality because both ﬁber ﬁneness and fiber tensile strength are associated with staple length. The longer staples are usually finer and stronger than the shorter staples.
The ﬁber sorter is an instrument which enables the sample to be fractionalized into length groups. The Baer sorter, the Shirley comb sorter, and the Suter-Webb sorter are the most popular method of the fiber sorter. Basically, the operation involves four main steps:
Preparation of a fringe or tuft with all ﬁbers aligned at one end.
The separation or withdrawal of ﬁbers in order of decreasing length.
The preparation of a sorter diagram by laying the fibers on a black velvet pad in decreasing order of length, the ﬁbers parallel and their lower ends aligned along a horizontal base line as shown in Figure.
The analysis of the sorter diagram.
After fineness, length is the most important property of a fiber. The length of cotton is directly related to its spinning performance. Knowledge of fiber length is necessary to manufacture a yarn of specific size on ring spinning system and typically longer fibers are used to manufacture fine yarns. Longer fibers are generally more uniform, finer, and stronger than shorter ones.
Graphical Representation of Mass Variations Graphical representations are aimed at providing easy analysis possibilities as well as providing more complete information than the numerical estimates. The following graphical representations are common with the latest generation evenness testers. Spectrogram 3D Spectrogram Variance Length Curve 3D Variance Length Curve Normal Diagram Cut Length Diagram Histogram Spectrogram The […]
Yarn Evenness & It’s Classification Evenness, Unevenness, regularity, and irregularity are common terms used to describe the degree of uniformity of a textile product. In the textile ﬁeld, the uniformity of products like the lap, sliver, roving or yam is expressed in terms of evenness or regularity or in terms of unevenness or irregularity. A […]
The optical method measures the variations in diameter of a yarn and not in its mass. The instrument an infra-red transmitter and two identical receivers. The yarn passes at speed through one of the beams, blocking a portion of the light to the measuring receiver. The intensity of this beam is compared with that measured by the reference receiver and from the difference in intensities a measure of yarn diameter is obtained.
Study of Twist in spinning | Twist in yarn | Introduction of twist in yarn Definition of twist: The term “twist” defines the helicoidal or spiral configuration organized by the rotation of a yarn or of a bundle of fibers around their longitudinal axis. Or, Twist is the measurement of spiral turns given to […]
Man Made Fibre and Man Made Fibre Production - Manufactured (MF) fibers (formerly termed “man-made”) are formed from a suitable raw material as a thick, sticky liquid, which is “spun” or extruded through spinneret holes, forming streams that are solidified into fibers.
The twist in yarns can be caused to affect the properties of the fabric in which the yarns are included.When yarns are incorporated in a fabric such that adjacent sets of yarn vary in the direction of twist, different effects like the shade effect, stripe effect etc. can be produced because of light reflecting from two sets of yarns.