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Textile Testing & Quality Control-1

Fiber length measurement

The fiber sorter is an instrument which enables the sample to be fractionalized into length groups. The Baer sorter, the Shirley comb sorter, and the Suter-Webb sorter are the most popular method of the fiber sorter. Basically, the operation involves four main steps: Preparation of a fringe or tuft with all fibers aligned at one end. The separation or withdrawal of fibers in order of decreasing length. The preparation of a sorter diagram by laying the fibers on a black velvet pad in decreasing order of length, the fibers parallel and their lower ends aligned along a horizontal base line as shown in Figure. The analysis of the sorter diagram.

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Fiber Length and Length Distribution

After fineness, length is the most important property of a fiber. The length of cotton is directly related to its spinning performance. Knowledge of fiber length is necessary to manufacture a yarn of specific size on ring spinning system and typically longer fibers are used to manufacture fine yarns. Longer fibers are generally more uniform, finer, and stronger than shorter ones.

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Graphical Representation of Mass Variations

Graphical Representation of Mass Variations Graphical representations are aimed at providing easy analysis possibilities as well as providing more complete information than the numerical estimates. The following graphical representations are common with the latest generation evenness testers. Spectrogram  3D Spectrogram  Variance Length Curve  3D Variance Length Curve  Normal Diagram  Cut Length Diagram  Histogram Spectrogram The […]

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Yarn Evenness II It’s Classification

Yarn Evenness & It’s Classification Evenness, Unevenness, regularity, and irregularity are common terms used to describe the degree of uniformity of a textile product. In the textile field, the uniformity of products like the lap, sliver, roving or yam is expressed in terms of evenness or regularity or in terms of unevenness or irregularity. A […]

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Methods of Evenness Testing

The optical method measures the variations in diameter of a yarn and not in its mass. The instrument an infra-red transmitter and two identical receivers. The yarn passes at speed through one of the beams, blocking a portion of the light to the measuring receiver. The intensity of this beam is compared with that measured by the reference receiver and from the difference in intensities a measure of yarn diameter is obtained.

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