Click Here to Download Free E-books

Determination of Water Repellency by Spray Tester | Textile Study Center
Home Lab Reports Determination of Water Repellency by Spray Tester

Determination of Water Repellency by Spray Tester

0
0

Determination of Water Repellency by Spray Tester

Introduction: 

The merit of a fabric intended for rainwear, wagon covers or tents is judged, amongst other properties, by its ability to keep water out; conversely, when intended for hose pipes or canvas buckets, to keep water in. In another direction, some fabrics must exhibit the ability to absorb water rapidly, toweling being an obvious example. So there is a relation between water and textile materials which is very necessary for their end use.

Objective:

To measure water repellency of a given fabric.

Theory:

Water repellent is a state characterized by the non-spreading of water globules on a textile material. This term is not normally applied to a water-repellent finish impervious to air. This is generally referred to as water proof. It is generally done by treated fabric with fat, wax, rubber etc. This addition may be in form of physical film or coating or physical combination. The feature of a waterproof fabric is the low degree of air permeability. Spray tester is such an instrument which measures the water repellency of a fabric. In this test a small amount of shower is produced by pouring water through a spray nozzle. The water falls on to the specimen which is mounted over a 6 in. diameter embroidery hoop and fixed at an angle of 45 degrees. To carry out the test, 250 cm3 of water at 70oF are poured steadily into the funnel. The American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists recommend the use of a chart of photographs against which the actual fabric appearance is compared.

The ratings are as follows:

100 No sticking or wetting of the upper surface.
90 Slight random sticking or wetting of the upper surface.
80 Wetting of upper surface at spray points.
70 Partial wetting of whole of upper surface.
50 Complete wetting of whole of upper surface.
00 Complete wetting of whole of upper and lower surfaces.

Apparatus: 

  1. Spray tester
  2. Water
  3. Fabric

M/c specification:

  1.   Name : Spray tester
  2.   Brand : DAIEI KAGAKUSEHCI SEISAKUSHO LTD., Kyoto Japan.
  3.   Template : 50 cm circumference.

Description of the Machine:

In spray test a small amount of shower is produced by pouring water through a spray nozzle. The water falls on the specimen which is mounted over a 6 inch diameter embroidery hoop and fixed at an angle of 450. The frame is placed below (vertically) the spray nozzle.

Sample:

  1. 100% cotton
  2. Polyester
  3. Umbrella
  4. Parachute cloth.

Atmospheric condition:

  1. Wet condition: –   26 ° c. & Dry condition: – 30° c.
  2. Difference between wet and dry bulb = 30° c-26 ° c.  = 4° c
  3. So, relative humidity (RH) = 70 %

Procedure:

  1. The sample fabric is mounted on the embroidery hoop and fixed on the instrument at 45o.
  2. Now the beaker is filled with 250 cc water and poured on the funnel.
  3. The water is showered through spray nozzle on the fabric.
  4. After spraying has finished the sample holder is removed and the surplus water removed by tapping the frame 6 times against a solid object, with the face of the sample facing the solid object.
  5. The water repellency is assessed from the spray rating chart.
  6. Five tests should be made and the nearest rating assigned to each, since no interpolation is allowed, i.e. a rating for a specimen cannot be 75.
  7. The mean of the 5 ratings is taken as the result.

Data:

Table: Ratings found for different fabrics.

 Serial Number  Type of Fabric Spray rating Comment
     1   100% cotton     0 Complete wetting of whole lower & upper surface.
     2   Polyester     0 Complete wetting of whole lower & upper surface.
     3   Umbrella   70 Wetting of the upper surface at spray points.
     4   Parachute 100 No sticking or wetting of the upper surface.

 

Result:

  1. Water repellency of a 100% cotton fabric is 0.
  2. Water repellency of a polyester fabric is 0.
  3. Water repellency of an umbrella fabric is 70.
  4. Water repellency of a parachute fabric is 100.

Remark:

According to the type of fabric water repellency varies from 0-100. From the experiment we can understand this. It is mainly selected depending on the end use of fabrics.

Conclusion:

I would like to thank our respected teacher for the important instructions. I am also grateful to our lab assistants for their kind help. This experiment helps me to know about the weight of fabric per unit area that is very important for textile testing. I think this will be very helpful in my future life.

(0)

Share via
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap